Situated on the edge of Gothenburg, Mölndal is a thriving centre of advanced technology, which explains why such a high proportion of its residents are university educated. The city is one of the centres of global research for the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca, employing over 3,000 people.
There are some 60,000 inhabitants, many of whom have second homes or boats along Sweden’s beautiful west coast. The centre of the city is in the process of being reconstructed after the somewhat bland building that took place in the sixties.
The name of Mölndal comes from the word möllor, which originally meant mills, and dal, which is Swedish for valley… thus the Valley of the Mills. The narrow but long waterfalls in older part of the city, Kvarnbyn, produced the power for waterwheels which industrialised the area. Paper was the main product. A cultural fesitval is held in Kvarnbyn annually when most of the old buildings are opened to the public and become art, craft and music studios.
Just outside the old town is Gunnebo House. The house was built in the last two decades of the 18th century for a rich merchant, John Hall. This is an impressive example of neoclassical architecture. Hall wanted a fine country residence to complement his home in Gothenburg. The architect Carl Wilhelm Carlberg designed the whole building and gardens.
Over recent years the outbuildings have been restored to their former glory. The house, outbuildings and extensive gardens are open to the public and are operated by the Municipality of Mölndal. Weddings and authentic 18th century feasts are held in the house as well as chamber music.
Mölndal has an exceptionally fine museum with a splendid collection of furniture (especially chairs named after the village of Lindome) which was made locally.
The city has one of the largest trotting (harness horse racing) arenas in Europe, with restaurants, bars and coffee shops. Just outside the city is the beautiful Hills Golf Club, which plays host to major international competitions.